The origin of Friulian language
The Friulian language is a language of Neolatin origin, which has similarities with other Rhaeto-Romanic languages and Ladin languages. His birth is traced back to the Year One thousand.
It is supposed that the Meats, once subjected by the Romans (115 BC), continued to use many words of their mother tongue, thus developing a “personalized” Latin with inflection and its own accents. Some historians believe that this very fact contributed to the formation in Friuli of characters very distinguishable from the other idioms of northern Italy. Although this aspect is rather controversial, it is undoubted that many Friulian words originate Carno-Celtic.
The first administrative deeds in the Friulian language date back to 1150. Then, the first literary testimonies will follow; but only from the fourteenth century the writings will become in common use.
The Friulano despite being the most widespread language in these lands, it has never been the only and only idiom usually used by the Friulians. In the Middle Ages, the Friulian was widespread in the countryside, but it was less so in the cities, where the aristocracy was in use speaking in German. Starting from the fifteenth century, the urban middle class of Gorizia maintained this preference, while the Udineese preferred the Venetian. In the mid-nineteenth century then passed to Italian.
Today, the Friulian language is widespread in the provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone and Udine and a small part in the province of Venice
With the law 482/1999, “Rules on the protection of historical linguistic minorities”, the Friulian was in fact recognized as “language” also by the Italian State.